Images James Dent An 80 year old had an unsuccessful cannulation for a CT scan. 4 days later she presented with bruising and tenderness of the left antecubital fossa  and a palpable pulsating mass. This is the US of the area B mode sonography shows a large pseudoaneurysm . The aneurysm is connected to the Read more about Pseudoaneurysm[…]

Biliary Quiz

Questions Robyn Boman/Genevieve Carbonatto 1. What is the sonographic appearance of adenomyomatosis? 2. What is the normal thickness of the gallbladder and what are some causes of GB wall thickening? 3. Describe the sonographic appearance of sludge in the gallbladder and the differential diagnoses. 4. Describe the appearance of a fatty liver  optimisation of an Read more about Biliary Quiz[…]

Aorta Quiz

All answers are directly  from the article  Jan 20, 2015 – Recommendations for echocardiographic chamber quantification were last published in 2005 by the American Society of. Echocardiography 1.How do you measure the LVOT diameter  or aortic annulus ? 2. How do you measure the aortic root? 3. What determines the size of the aortic root? Read more about Aorta Quiz[…]

Causes of Mitral Valve Regurgitation

Text Kathryn Statham, Genevieve Carbonatto Mitral valve regurgitation is the most common valvular disease and a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in cardiovascular disease Functionally the Mitral Valve apparatus consists of the mitral annulus the AMVL and PMVL the chordae the papillary muscles the left ventricular myocardium underlying the papillary muscles Anything that affects Read more about Causes of Mitral Valve Regurgitation[…]